Knowing what to do if your child, spouse, coworker or even yourself is suffering from a heat related situation can save lives. Even when a person drinks plenty of fluids, the heat can still overcome a person. A victim of heat illness needs help right away. The important thing is to cool him or her immediately. To cool the victim you can use several approaches depending upon the circumstances: Most importantly, teach your children about heat related dangers.
-Move the person into the shade, into a cool room, or into an air conditioned building or car.
-Spray the victim with a hose, or pour a bucket of water over him or her (not in the face). Tell the person what you’re going to do, and do not use these measures if the victim is confused.
-Wrap the victim in wet towels or sheets then turn on a fan or use a cardboard.
-Place cold compresses on the victim’s neck, groin, and armpits.
-If medical help is not immediately available and you suspect heatstroke, immerse the victim in cool water (bath, lake, stream), but only if you can carefully monitor his level of alertness, breathing, and circulation.
-Once the person’s temperature is down to 100 degrees F, you can ease up on your cooling efforts, but keep checking the victim’s temperature every half-hour for the next 3 to 4 hours, there is a possibility it may rise again.
Safety is everyone’s business; at home and at work.